Protect and prevent First and foremost, your best line of defense is to prevent age spots in the first place. So sunscreen is crucial. If youre prone to spots, even a small amount of sun exposure can bring them on, says Valerie Callender, MD, an associate professor of dermatology at Howard University College of Medicine in Washington, DC. Same goes for melasma: No matter what you do to remedy it, those blotches will recur if youre not careful. Ive seen patients spend hundreds of dollars on melasma treatments then they go to the beach without sunscreen, and boom, its back, she adds. So slather on broad-spectrum SPF 30 or higher every single day. Then, when youre outdoors, reapply on spots or melasma once an hour and any time your face gets wet. Carry a sunscreen stick so you can swipe it often, says Amy Lewis, MD, an assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Yale University School of Medicine. Or, if youre afraid to mess up your makeup, a mineral sunscreen powder is another great option.
Lighten Up Now its time to clear up the spots you already have. Heres how to tweak your skincare routine:
- To fade sunspots away: Use a serum or cream that contains retinol, says Dr. Callender. This powerhouse ingredient will shed your speckled skin and push new, healthy cells to the surface. But if retinol irritates your skin, pick a product with either alpha hydroxy acids or vitamin C, says Dr. Callender. Some common alpha hydroxy acids to look for in the ingredients list: lactic acid, citric acid or glycolic acid.
- To get rid of dark patches: Anyone with melasma knows that its very difficult to eliminate, and even doctors dont know exactly why. Many dermatologists stand by prescription hydroquinone as one of the most effective treatments, but with the controversy over its possible link to cancer, plus reports that when used incorrectly it can make pigmentation worse, some women prefer a product that contains kojic acid, glycolic acid, soy or retinol, all of which can help if applied every day.